Citadel of Quebec (Citadelle de Quebec)
Sightseeing and hop-on hop-off bus tours of Quebec City often visit the Citadel of Quebec, with guides providing commentary about its history and current role as a base for Canadian forces. Purchase a ticket to explore the National Historic Site and access the Royal 22nd Regiment Museum (Musée Royal 22e Régiment), where weapons, uniforms, and other military artifacts are displayed. French- and English-language guided tours of the complex take place at least every hour.
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Things to Know Before You Go
The Citadel of Quebec is a must for anyone with an interest in military history.
A good portion of the tour takes place outdoors, so wear weather-appropriate clothing.
The citadel is wheelchair accessible.
How to Get There
The fort is set atop Cape Diamond (Cap Diamant), which overlooks the St. Lawrence River. Reach the citadel by car via Côte de la Citadelle (limited parking is available at the site). It’s about a 30-minute walk from Gare du Palais train station and a 20-minute walk from Chateau Frontenac. RTC buses (3 and 11) stop next to Côte de la Citadelle.
When to Get There
Summer is the best time to visit: Tours are more frequent, the weather is warmer, and troops can be seen performing special ceremonies. Changing of the Guard ceremonies take place daily at 10am from June 24 through Labour Day in early September, while Beating of the Retreat ceremonies run at 5pm on Wednesdays in July and August. Nighttime tours by lantern take place from June to October.
Regimental Ceremonies at the Citadel
The Changing of the Guard marks the handover between the previous sentries on duty and the batch of troops taking over for them. Officers inspect the troops, with the military band providing music and the well-behaved mascot, Batisse the goat, also taking part. Meanwhile, the Beating of the Retreat marks the end of the day and sees guards assemble on the parade square to fire rifles. Troops wear bearskin hats and red regimental coats during both ceremonies.
- Plains of Abraham (Plaines d'Abraham)
- Upper Town (Haute-Ville)
- Fortifications of Quebec National Historic Site
- Dufferin Terrace (Terrasse Dufferin)
- Quebec City Capital Observatory (Observatoire de la Capitale)
- Fort Museum (Musée du Fort)
- Notre-Dame de Québec Basilica-Cathedral
- Old Quebec (Vieux-Québec)
- Museum of Francophone America (Musée de l'Amérique Francophone)
- Petit Champlain District (Quartier Petit Champlain)
- Quebec Lower Town (Basse-Ville)
- Quebec Royal Square (Place-Royale)
- Notre-Dame-des-Victoires Church (Église Notre-Dame-des-Victoires)
- Quebec Museum of Civilization (Musée de la Civilisation)
- Port of Quebec (Port de Québec)